How to choose embroidery needle: 4 conditions to consider


How to choose embroidery needle




As a designer of embroidery patterns, I always cringe when I give recommendations on which needle to use for working my patterns. Because I do realize that most probably you will take another fabric to work it than what I chose, and some of you might want to change the number of strands you use in the needle.

I get it because I'm a fellow stitcher like everyone else and the desire to add something from yourself to an existing design, work it your way, is quite familiar to me. Or, in other cases, it might be just hard to find the same fabric or thread that you see in the list, so you might opt to take materials you have easier access to. And that's completely fine too.

That's why I always cringe when I write the needle recommendation. Because the thing is, the best choice will be heavily depending on several conditions, including the fabric you use and the thickness of the thread you are using.

However, writing a whole essay on the topic of needles in a PDF document where the main focus should be instructions to work the pattern would be at least confusing for the reader, and in the worst case scenario might just scare you away with too much of information to process...

Nevertheless, in my mind, the topic is worth discussion. And although I already touched upon it in the post of 10 things to remember about hand embroidery needles, let's take a closer look at just this one issue to get it clearer.

4 conditions of choosing embroidery needle


For now, let's put aside the types of embroidery needles and imagine that you have a mixed stack of various needles at home or your working studio and you have to make a choice on which one you need for this particular project. Or let's say you are in a craft store standing in front of a showcase with lots of different needles and your head is dizzy with all the names and shapes. Which one should you choose?

The main things you should pay attention to when choosing embroidery needles are following:

  • Tip
  • Size
  • Eye
  • Width

1. Tip


The tip of a needle can be blunt or sharp.

How to choose embroidery needle

Surface embroidery will always call for a sharp tip since we need to pierce through the weaving fibers of the fabric and sometimes even through the other stitches. Crewel embroidery will also require a sharp-tipped needle.

The areas of hand embroidery that welcome blunt-tipped needles include cross stitch, counted canvas work, drawn work, blackwork, etc., which are worked on Aida and other even weaved fabric with clear visible holes. With these embroidery styles you usually would need to slide your needle through the hole in the weaving and a rounded tip makes it easier to slip the needle exactly there and not to pierce through the fibers of the fabric.

Blunt tipped needles also have another use, though. I, for one, don't do neither cross stitch nor canvas work, so why would I have needles with dull tips at my stash?

Because they are most suitable for stitches that include some kind of weaving like detached buttonhole or interlaced back stitch. A rounded tip will not tug on the fibers of the thread in your stitches so you won't have to worry about ruining your work.

2. Size


The general rule of the thumb is that the size of the needle should correspond to the thickness of thread.

This is not something to take literally, of course. You don't need to measure your needle and thread to find the best match. You can determine that just by looking and comparing the needles with the thread you are going to use.

How to choose embroidery needle

In the picture above, which needle suits more the thread in the middle?

The one on the right, correct. Its shaft is longer, thicker, and sturdier, and more capable of leading this thread in your stitching and for the thread to feel more comfortable and secure.

3. Eye


And again, we have to take into consideration our thread. The eye should be large enough to accommodate thread in comfort.

How to choose embroidery needle

Here is the needle from the right from the previous picture, with the 6 strands of floss in its eye. The floss still has some room to move and it doesn't look crumpled and constrained.

How to choose embroidery needle

And here is the needle from the left. As you see, one strand of floss is the best option for it. Add more and the thread will already feel a bit jammed there.

Why thread should have some space and air in the eye of the needle and not be jammed?

When the needle passes through the fabric, embroidery thread already goes through a certain level of friction that does a certain level of damage to it. You probably noticed that as you stitch and it comes to the part of the thread which was in the eye, it often looks worn down. The best thing in such cases is to finish your thread right there because it lost its appeal.

So, the rule here is to choose a needle that will let the thread sit comfortably in its eye.

4. Width


When we speak about the width of the needle, most of the time it means that it should correspond to the fabric and its density in weaving.

There are different types of fabric that you can use for hand embroidery and some of them are very densely woven, others are not. Some, even if their weaving is dense, will be quite light, but others will be sturdy like jeans fabric.

So, the needle should also be suitable for the fabric you are going to use.

How to choose embroidery needle

In the pictures above I'm using cotton muslin in 2 layers (as a ground fabric and interlining). Cotton muslin is generally quite a light type of fabric with dense weaving. So, the thicker needle from the previous examples has a hard time to pass through it. And as it does, it leaves a damaged hole behind. You can see how the weaving is falling apart around the place where the needle is emerging.

How to choose embroidery needle

This kind of hole, my friends, is impossible to fix. It means that the needle is too wide for this particular fabric. Or, if we look at it from another perspective, if you have a thick thread and you need a corresponding needle, then the problem might be in the poor choice of fabric. Take something sturdier and with a looser weave.

How to choose embroidery needle

When the needle has an adequate size to the fabric, there is no resistance and therefore, no big damage to the fabric as it passes through.

How to choose embroidery needle

Yes, a hole will most probably appear (I used 2 strands of floss for this example. If I used 1 strand, the hole would be barely noticeable at all).

How to choose embroidery needle

But after a couple of gentle strokes, the weaving will bounce back to its original appearance. The needle tip is pointing at the place of the hole here, but you can barely see it.

So, these are the main conditions to consider when you choose embroidery needle for your project.

Ultimately, the order of choice will look as follows:

  1. The type of the needle according to the purpose (Tapestry needles, Crewel needles, Embroidery sharpies, etc). I talked about the types of the needle in this post previously, this is also where you can define whether you need a sharp tip or a blunt tip.
  2. Think about how the needle will correspond to the fabric in size and width.
  3. Think about how the needle will accommodate the thread it its eye.

When all these conditions are thought through, the process of working your embroidery project will be much smoother! :)

2 comments

  1. Thank you! This is nicely presented, and makes common sense out of the multitude of choices available. Needles were one of the most confusing things when I was getting re-started, especially the ones that are called by different names.

    And I still have to mull things over when starting a new project. I think this will help make the process easier.

    akaGaga

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    Replies
    1. Needles issue can be confusing, indeed! I personally have few favorite needles and just stick to them most of the time, because I mostly do the same style of embroidery using the same kinds of fabrics, haha

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